Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory condition located in the gums surrounding the teeth. It is a highly prevalent disease affecting 10-15% of adults and leads to other complications of the body. The correlation between Diabetes and mild to severe periodontal disease has been established with relation to high blood glucose levels causing infection around the diseased teeth. The purpose of this study is to assess whether Diabetes increases the risk of Periodontal Disease. Increased blood glucose in individuals having Diabetes Mellitus, Type II Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes may lead to infection of the gum causing loss of bone and teeth. This research is based off two groups comparing HBA1c levels controlled and uncontrolled. Both groups had periodontal and dental exams to assess if the disease was present in the gums of the diabetics.
The data collected for this research was to assess the oral health and hygiene status of diabetic patients. There is inconclusive evidence on diabetes increasing the risk for periodontal disease. The five studies mentioned in this research, three of them argued of other contributing factors such as health care management, age, obesity, and income. Although there is inconclusive evidence on the correlation of periodontitis and diabetes, the research does show a favorable outcome in controlled blood glucose levels to minimize the effects of gum infection in diabetics. Reduction of HbA1c levels helps to reduce the impact of periodontal disease in diabetic patients.